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Educational Justice

2,058 bytes removed, 00:35, 8 May 2017
What does the house/senate budget do?
===Recent Updates===
*Trump has '''rescinded Obama-era protections for transgender students''' under Title IX, which means that students could be required, under the authority of state or local school boards, to use restrooms and changing facilities that correspond with their biological gender rather than their gender identity. It would also limit students' eligibility to play on sports teams that correspond with their gender identity. It does still allow school boards to implement their own protections, and permits individuals or advocacy groups to appeal to federal courts if a transgender student's rights have been violated. [https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/22/us/politics/devos-sessions-transgender-students-rights.html]
 
==Low-Income Students==
===Trump/GOP agenda===
*Trump’s proposed budget would '''eliminate $1.2 billion in funding for summer- and after-school programs''', [https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2017/03/trumps-education-budget-revealed/519837/?utm_source=atltw] such as the 21st Century Community Learning Centers, which provide services to students who attend high-poverty and low-performing schools. [https://www2.ed.gov/programs/21stcclc/index.html] These cuts would disproportionately impact black and Hispanic students, who are at least twice as likely to attend after-school programs as white students. [http://www.afterschoolalliance.org/documents/AA3PM-2014/AA3PM_Key_Findings.pdf]
*The budget also cuts funding for federal TRIO programs, which serve low-income and first-generation college students, and the GEAR UP program, which prepares low-income middle and high-school students for college. [https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2017/03/trumps-education-budget-revealed/519837/?utm_source=atltw]
==Civil Rights==
*Trump has proposed a student loan policy that has been described as similar to what the Obama administration already put in place. This plan states that repayment would be capped at 12.5% of students' income, and that debt would be eliminated completely after 15 years. [http://www.cnn.com/2016/10/13/politics/donald-trump-student-debt-proposals/] The plan was criticized by the GOP for being "left of Obama." [https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/06/education/edlife/presidential-candidates-on-student-debt-in-college.html]. Mark Huelsman, a senior policy analyst at the liberal think tank Demos, said of Trump’s student loan plan, "Trump is essentially trying to deal with the effects of the student loan problem by proposing a new policy somewhat similar to what we have already. But his diagnosis of the root causes are misaligned and incorrect.” [https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/06/education/edlife/presidential-candidates-on-student-debt-in-college.html]
*Trump’s student loan plan was further criticized due to the effects it would likely have on Title IX regulations and the Education Department of Civil Rights. [https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/21/us/where-trump-stands-on-school-choice-student-debt-and-common-core.html?_r=0] '''Both universities and the Office of Civil Rights would face cutbacks for Title IX''', an education amendment adopted in 1972 that states, "no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance," and is enforced by the Office of Civil Rights.[http://www.ncaa.org/about/resources/inclusion/title-ix-frequently-asked-questions] This partnership allowed the White House to increase the efforts of the OCR as well as to focus on campus sexual assault and bring perpetrators to justice.[https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2016/11/10/trump-and-gop-likely-try-scale-back-title-ix-enforcement-sexual-assault]
*The Trump administration’s proposed budget '''eliminates''' Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG), which '''provide need-based aid to around 1.6 million low-income undergraduates annually'''. [https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2017/03/trumps-education-budget-revealed/519837/?utm_source=atltw] The budget also calls for a reduction in funding for Federal Work-Study programs. [http://time.com/money/4703965/president-trump-work-study-jobs/] Pell Grants, subsidies for students with financial need, maintain their discretionary funds, but the budget proposes $3.9 billion in cuts from the program’s $10.6 billion surplus. [https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2017/03/trumps-education-budget-revealed/519837/?utm_source=atltw] Cuts to Pell Grants would '''disproportionately impact communities of color.''' In 2012, 62% of black undergraduates, 50% of Hispanic undergraduates, and 54% of Native American undergraduates received Pell Grants. [https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2015/2015601.pdf]
===Recent Updates===
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