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Less than 9% of the estimated $600 billion spent annually on education comes from the federal government.[https://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/11/23/upshot/why-donald-trumps-education-pick-would-face-barriers-for-vouchers.html?smid=tw-upshotnyt&smtyp=cur&referer=https://t.co/pWsuCjhKOh] In order for vouchers to be a implemented as an alternative to public schools, states would have to kick in $110 billion.[http://www.vox.com/2016/12/2/13767668/donald-trump-education-betsy-devos-school-vouchers] Given the limited power of the Secretary of Education, she would have to find a way to incentivize states to do this.[https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2016/11/29/the-prospects-of-devoss-school-choice-agenda-as-ed-secretary/?utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter&utm_campaign=gs]
Local public schools stand to lose money through voucher programs
, and parents will likely be concerned about cuts to their schools' budgets. In 2009-10, more than 56,000 schools around the country benefited from Title I dollars, including school districts in every state in the country.[https://www2.ed.gov/programs/titleiparta/index.html] While people will argue about whether putting money into vouchers qualifies as "cutting spending on education," polling indicates that most people do not want cuts to education spending.[http://www.people-press.org/2013/02/22/as-sequester-deadline-looms-little-support-for-cutting-most-programs/] Roughly half of all nonfederal education funding comes from local property taxes raised by more than 13,000 local school districts, all of whom would have to be on board with a voucher program.[https://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/11/23/upshot/why-donald-trumps-education-pick-would-face-barriers-for-vouchers.html?smid=tw-upshotnyt&smtyp=cur&referer=https://t.co/pWsuCjhKOh] Additionally, teachers' and administrators' unions typically oppose voucher schemes and will likely oppose any Trump administration effort.
Title I Portability faces several hurdles that prevent it from being enacted immediately. 38 states currently have constitutional amendments, called Blaine Amendments, that prohibit federal funding from going to religious schools.[http://education.findlaw.com/curriculum-standards-school-funding/what-is-a-blaine-amendment.html] Turning Title I funds into portable vouchers would provide students with approximately $538 each, while private school tuition in the US averages about $11,000 per year.[http://www.vox.com/2016/12/2/13767668/donald-trump-education-betsy-devos-school-vouchers]