→Students with Disabilities
==Students with Disabilities==
Every child with a disability has a right to receive a free appropriate public education (FAPE) under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
The Supreme Court has defined FAPE to mean special education and related services that “(A) have been provided at public expenses, under public supervision and direction, and without charge ; (B) meet the standards of the State educational agency ; (C) include an appropriate preschool, elementary, or secondary school education in the State involved, and (D) are provided in conformity with the individualized education plan (IEP). Appropriate IEPs are “reasonably calculated to enable the child to receive educational benefits.”[https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/458/176]
In March 2017, Endrew F. v. Douglas County School District was decided by the Supreme Court. In an 8-0 finding, the Court determined that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires that a child’s individualized education plan (IEP) “must be appropriately ambitious in light of his circumstances.” Chief Justice Roberts, who wrote the opinion, made it clear that “for children fully integrated in the regular classroom, this would typically require an IEP ‘reasonably calculated to enable the child to achieve passing marks and advance from grade to grade.’” He also said that that “the goals may differ, but every child should have the chance to meet challenging objectives.” The Court rejected the “merely more than the bare minimum" (or de minimis) test applied by the Tenth Circuit. Instead, they ruled that schools are required to show that an “IEP is reasonably calculated to enable the child to make progress appropriate in light of his circumstances.” [https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/16pdf/15-827_0pm1.pdf]