Alabama

This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent.

Elected Officials
Ways to Resist
Edit

  • Contact your elected officials:
    • Governor Robert J. Bentley[1]
    • Sectary of State, John Merrill[2]
    • Speaker of the House, Mac McCutheon[3]

Contents

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Updates
Updates
Edit

  • 7/31/17 The ACLU won a case after a judge blocked a 2014 "parental consent law" that required the state to appoint a lawyer to represent any fetus being carried by a minor in cases where a minor tried to go to court to get permission to get an abortion. The law also allowed a minor's parents to challenge the court permission, which could delay the abortion long enough for the minor to be unable to get it.[4]

To see past updates for Alabama, click here.

Actions Taken by the State Government
Actions Taken by the State Government
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Legislative ActionsEdit

Legislation that Supports Equity and Justice
Important bills proposed by Alabama lawmakers this legislative session that should be supported:

  • SB 161 would establish automatic voter registration.
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  • HB 50 would restrict police use of deadly force to only be used in response to the threat of death or serious physical injury. Existing state law allows deadly force to be used to make felony arrests, whether or not such a threat exists.
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  • HB 54 Requires police to undergo 40 hours of Crisis Intervention Training to learn how to interact with people who have mental illness.
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  • SB 16 would give juries the final say on whether someone convicted of a capital crime is sentenced to life in prison or death.
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  • HB 74 would prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.
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  • HB 332 / SB 141 would prohibit discrimination in employment on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, among other criteria.
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Harmful Legislation
Harmful bills proposed by Alabama lawmakers this legislative session that should be opposed:

  • SB 25 creates restrictions and limitations for private citizens to sue non-profits that work for Alabama Public Housing Authorities.

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  • SB 1 is a "light bathroom bill" that would make it mandatory to have attendants in every public bathroom used by people of different genders. The bill does not define the meaning of gender in that case.

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See also the main policy pages for federal legislative tracking.

Key Upcoming Elections
Key Upcoming Elections
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Click here to find out if you're registered to vote.

Register to vote here. The deadline is 15 days before Election Day. Bring proof of identification the first time you vote. A photo ID is requested each time you vote.[5]

Federal ElectionsEdit

State ElectionsEdit

  • 67th State House District Elections April 18th
  • Governor Elections in 2018- Republican with term limit

Local ElectionsEdit

Mayoral ElectionsEdit

  • Birmingham Mayor Election on August 22, 2017 - Filing deadline July 7th [6]

School Board ElectionsEdit

Prosecutor ElectionsEdit

Sheriff ElectionsEdit

County Commissioners ElectionsEdit

City Council ElectionsEdit

  • Birmingham City Council Election on August 22, 2017 - Filing deadline July 7th [7]

Obamacare / link=
Healthcare
Edit

In Alabama, 11% of the population remains uninsured compared to a national average of 9%.[8] Alabama is a state that has not expanded Medicaid coverage to more people as allowed under the ACA.[9]

ACA RepealEdit

  • If there is a full repeal of the Affordable Care Act, 189,000 people in Alabama (or 3.9% of the population) are estimated to lose coverage, whereas 357,000 people (or 7.3% of the population) will lose coverage with a partial repeal. (Retrieved 1/22/2017 from ACA Repeal Impact, state-by-state.) This is because with a full repeal, premiums will not increase the way they would under a partial repeal, since insurance companies will be able to discriminate on the basis of preexisting conditions and won't be required to provide essential health benefits.[10] Not covering preexisting conditions will disproportionately affect people with disabilities. The reason that so few people stand to lose coverage in Alabama is because the state government, for political reasons, did not take the free money offered to it by the federal government to help expand Medicaid to more of its low-income citizens.[11] This decision also disproportionately disadvantaged Black citizens.[12]
  • Prior to the ACA's ban on gender rating, women in Alabama paid up to 53% more for the same coverage as men;[13] an ACA repeal is likely to bring back that coverage gap.
  • Given that a repeal of the ACA would also change payment structures and subsidies, 28,000 jobs could be lost in Alabama. When federal funding is cut, it creates a ripple effect that affects local and state revenue, thus creating losses in economic activity and employment.[14]
  • Under the ACA Repeal-and-Delay Strategy, Young Adults in Alabama Could Pay $922 More in 2018.[15]

Policing
Policing
Edit

The FactsEdit

  • 94 people have been killed by police in the state of Alabama from the years 2013 through 2016.[16]
  • 39% of the people killed by police were black.
  • Black people are 1.5 times more likely to be killed by police than their white counterparts.
  • Birmingham is the state's largest city, with the highest rate of police killings per capita.[17]

Immigration
Immigration
Edit

The Facts

  • In 2013, Alabama had 162,226 immigrants, making up 3.4% of the population.[18]
  • There are estimated to be 65,000 undocumented immigrants in Alabama, making up 1.3% of the population.[19]


Rights of Non-CitizensEdit

  • Alabama does not allow undocumented immigrants to get drivers' licenses.[20]
  • Alabama bars undocumented immigrants from attending public college at the same in-state tuition rate as legal residents and citizens.[21]
  • In 2012 President Barack Obama signed an executive order (DACA) that defers deportation for people who were brought to the country as children. The action allows them to work lawfully but does not create a pathway to citizenship or give them legal status in the United States. In Alabama, 6,796 individuals have benefited from this executive action.[22]


DeportationEdit

The Facts

  • 2.8% of K-12 students in Alabama had undocumented parents in 2014.[23]
  • Undocumented immigrants in Alabama made up 1.8% of the labor workforce in 2014.[24]
  • If all undocumented workers were removed from Alabama, the state would lose $2.6 billion in economic activity.[25]
  • Undocumented immigrants paid $118.1 million in state and local taxes in Alabama in 2012.[26]

Policy

  • Alabama state law allows police to check immigration status based on “reasonable suspicion.”[27]

Sanctuary PoliciesEdit

  • Tuskegee is the only city in Alabama with a policy limiting cooperation with federal immigration enforcement.[28]

Refugee ResettlementEdit

  • From 2013 to 2014, Alabama ranked in the bottom 20% of states for refugee resettlement, with less than 6 refugees per 100,000 residents.[29]

Voting Rights
Voting Rights
Edit

In 2016, Alabama was one of 14 states that enacted new voting restrictions in the form of a law requiring a photo ID to vote.[30] Alabama is one of several states that introduced legislation to allow automatic voter registration, but the bills died in committee.[31]


Mass Incarceration
Mass Incarceration
Edit

The FactsEdit

  • In 2014 there were 46,346 incarcerated individuals in Alabama: 30,766 in prison and 15,580 in jail.
  • The probation population included 50,698 individuals, and 7,884 individuals were on parole.
  • 16.6% of the prison population was serving life sentences, 4.7% of which were life without parole.
  • While white imprisonment rates per 100,000 individuals was 425, black imprisonment rates were 1,417 per 100,000.
  • 7.62% of the population is disenfranchised due to felony convictions, but of the African American population 15.11% are disenfranchised.
  • Alabama corrections expenditures totaled $611 million in 2014.

[32]

Updates

  • The 11th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that inmate Vernon Madison can't be executed due to incompetence. The appellate court first sent the case back due to race-based jury selection and improper testimony. [33]

Benefits / Tax Cuts
Benefits / Tax Cuts
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Income TaxEdit

Facts

  • Alabama residents facing a tax increase under Trump’s plan: [34]
    • Households: 126,000
    • Adults and children: 392,000
    • Children: 228,000

Policy

Public BenefitsEdit

Facts

  • In 2015, an average of 417,943 households and 889,380 individuals received Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called Food Stamps) benefits in a given month in Alabama.[35] In 2011, approximately 19% of the population of Alabama was receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called Food Stamps) benefits.[36] The average monthly benefit per Alabama household was $261 per household and $121 per person in 2016. [37]
  • In 2016, an average of 25,772 households, including 11,239 families and 20,315 children, received Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), which is direct financial assistance, in a given month. [38] The average monthly benefit for a single-parent with three children residing in Alabama was $215 per month in 2014. [39] Average benefits in Alabama have fallen in value by 14% since 1996. [40]
  • In 2016, an average of 31,905 women received funds from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in a given month. [41]
  • In December 2015, there were 9,004 Social Security recipients in the "aged" category[42] who received $260.33 per person on average, for a total of $2,344,000.[43]

Housing / Infrastructure
Housing / Infrastructure
Edit

HousingEdit

Facts

  • 128,800 low-income families spent more than half of their income on housing.[44]
  • In 2014, Alabama had 41 units of affordable and available housing for every 100 households categorized as “extremely low income” (at or below 30% of area median income.)[45]
  • In Alabama, there were 4,111 homeless people in 2016, making up 0.75% of the total national homeless population.[46]
  • Of the homeless population, there were 356 families, 373 veterans, 226 unaccompanied young adults (18-24), and 420 people experiencing chronic homelessness.[47]
  • Alabama received $539 million in federal rental assistance funding in 2014.[48]
  • In Alabama, more than 96,000 families relied on federal rental assistance in 2014.[49]
  • Nearly all Alabama households using federal rental assistance included children, elderly, or disabled people.[50]

Policy

InfrastructureEdit

Facts

  • Alabama’s infrastructure received a score of C- from the American Society of Civil Engineers in 2015.[51]
  • This study gave the state “good” scores for aviation, energy, port, and rail infrastructure but identified transit, roads, and inland waterways as being in “poor” condition.[52]
  • In 2013, the Department of Transportation found that 22.4% of Alabama’s bridges were structurally deficient or functionally obsolete, and 25% of Alabama’s roads were in poor or mediocre condition.[53]
  • Driving on these roads leads to an additional $141 per motorist in increased vehicle repairs and operating costs each year.[54]

Policy

  • According to Governor Robert J. Bentley (R), increased broadband access is a major infrastructure goal for Alabama.[55]

Women's Rights/Reproductive Justice
Women's Rights/Reproductive Justice
Edit

Planned ParenthoodEdit

The Facts[56]

  • Alabama has two Planned Parenthood centers.
  • In 2015, two centers were in rural, medically underserved, or health-provider-shortage areas.
  • On average, there is one Planned Parenthood for 482,500 women of reproductive age.

Policy Solutions / Issues

AbortionEdit

The Facts[57]

  • There were nine abortion providers in Alabama in 2015.
  • In 2014, 14.6 out of every 1,000 women of reproductive age in Alabama had an abortion. The national abortion rate is 14.6.

Policy Solutions / Issues[58]

  • There is a 48-hour waiting period required after mandatory counseling.
  • Parental consent is required for minors.
  • Ultrasound requirements exist.
  • Abortion is prohibited at 20 weeks except in cases of life or health endangerment.
  • Medication abortion is limited.
  • Private insurance coverage is limited.
  • State Medicaid does not fund most abortions.
  • TRAP (Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers) laws exist.

Women and WagesEdit

The Facts[59]

  • In Alabama, 18.3% of women live in poverty, which is approximately 5% over the national average, which stands at 13.4%. Single mothers make up 47.7%, while women aged 65 and older make up 11.9%. These figures are above the national averages, which are 36.5% and 10.3%, respectively.
  • For every dollar made by men, women are paid $0.76, which is four cents below the national average of $0.80.
  • African American women are paid $0.57 for every dollar paid to white men, while Latina women make $0.47 for every dollar made by white men. Both figures are below the national averages, which are $0.63 and $0.54, respectively.

Domestic Violence in AlabamaEdit

The Facts[60]

  • In 2013, 16% of violent offenses were domestic violence incidents.
  • In 15% of these offenses, a firearm was used.
  • In Alabama in 2013, 24 domestic violence victims were killed.
  • In 2013, there were 2,872 domestic violence aggravated assaults and 32,587 domestic violence simple assaults in Alabama.
  • In half of the domestic violence homicides, a firearm was used.

LGBTQ Issues / link=
LGBTQ+ Issues
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Religious Freedom LawEdit

Religious Freedom laws protect the right of people to practice their religion and limit laws imposing on that right, and were intended to protect religious minorities. [61] A religious freedom amendment was enacted in Alabama for that purpose in 1998[62], but it has been recently used to say the rights of individuals or business owners are violated if they are not allowed to deny service to LGBTQ+ people.

Non-Discrimination LawsEdit

Alabama lacks non-discrimination laws protecting LGBTQ+ people from discrimination in employment, housing, public accommodations, education, adoption, foster care, insurance, credit, and jury selection.[63]

Parenting LawsEdit

Alabama also lacks non-discrimination laws protecting LGBTQ+ people from discrimination in parenting, laws including second parent adoption, surrogacy, foster care, parental presumption for same-sex couples, consent to inseminate, and de facto parent recognition.[64] In March 2017 the state passed a law letting religious adoption agencies discriminate against same-sex parents.[65]

Hate crime lawsEdit

Alabama also does not include LGBTQ+ people in its hate crime laws as a protected group and doesn't have required reporting of hate crimes against LGBTQ+ people.[66]

Youth LawsEdit

Alabama does not have laws protecting youth, such as transgender inclusion in sports, protection from conversion therapy, laws to address LGBTQ+ youth homeless, LGBTQ+-inclusive sex education laws, or LGBTQ+-inclusive juvenile justice policies.[67]

Alabama does have laws that create inequality in age of consent for same-sex couples and that restrict inclusion of LGBTQ+ topics in schools.[68]

Health and Safety LawsEdit

Alabama does not have non-discrimination laws protecting the health and safety of its LGBTQ+ citizens, including non-discrimination protections in the ACA exchanges, a ban on insurance exclusions for trans health care, trans-inclusive health benefits for state employees, gender marker change on identification documents, health data collection, or gender neutral single occupancy restrooms.[69]

Alabama does have laws that discriminate against LGBTQ+ people in ensuring their health and safety, such as sodomy laws and laws that criminalize HIV/AIDS.[70]

Educational Justice
Educational Justice
Edit

The FactsEdit

  • Alabama is ranked 42nd in per-pupil spending as of 2013, with an average expenditure of $5,031 per student.[71]
  • As of 2013, Alabama ranked 38th in teacher pay, with teachers earning an average of $47,949 per year.[72]
  • 88% of students in Alabama attend public schools. As is the case in other states, students who attend private schools come from wealthier families, with private-school families having on average a 71% higher income.[73]
  • As of 2014, public charter school enrollment accounted for 0% of total public school enrollment.[74]
  • Alabama's overall graduation rate is 86%, which is slightly above the national average. By subgroup, four-year graduation rates are as follows:
    • White: 88%
    • Latino: 85%
    • Black: 84%
    • Asian/Pacific Islander: 91%
    • American Indian: 88%
    • Economically Disadvantaged: 82%
    • Limited English Proficient: 67%
    • Students with Disabilities: 64%[75]

Consumer Protections /Worker's Rights
Consumer Protections /Worker's Rights
Edit

As of December 2016, the Alabama unemployment rate stands at 6.2%.[76]

Facts

  • Alabama has no state minimum wage, so the minimum wage in the state is the same as the federal minimum wage of $7.25.[77]
  • Alabama has no state law for paid sick leave.[78]
  • Alabama has no state law for paid family leave.[79]

Policies

  • Alabama has Right-to-Work laws, which means that the state can prohibit unions, that collectively bargain on behalf of both members and nonmembers, from requiring union fees for the services they provide to all workers they represent. They are designed to reduce unions' income and power.[80]
  • Alabama is a state with an at-will exemption.[81] At-will means that an employer can terminate an employee at any time for any reason, except an illegal one, or for no reason, without breaking the law.[34] Likewise, an employee is free to leave a job at any time for any or no reason, with no adverse legal consequences.[82]
  • Alabama does not support a public policy exemption,[83] meaning that an employer may not fire an employee if it would violate the state's public policy doctrine or a state or federal statute, including refusing to perform an act that state law prohibits (e.g., refusing an employer's request to commit perjury at a trial), reporting a violation of the law (e.g., reporting an employer's fraudulent accounting practices or use of child labor), engaging in acts that are in the public interest (joining the National Guard or performing jury duty), and exercising a statutory right (e.g., filing a claim under the state workers' compensation law).[84]
  • Alabama does allow for implied contract exemptions.[85] An implied contract can be created in several different ways: oral assurances by a supervisor or handbooks, policies, or practices as written assurances by the employer. This means that if there is no written contract between the employer and employee, that employee may have an exception of fixed term or even indefinite employment based on an employer's statements.[86] As a general rule, courts disregard language promising long-term, lifetime, or permanent employment as aspirational and consider the relationship to be at-will.[87]
  • Alabama does support the Implied Covenant of Good Faith and Fair Dealing.[88] Courts have interpreted this in different ways, including requiring just cause for termination to prohibiting terminations made in bad faith or motivated by malice.[89]

Climate / Environment
Climate / Environment
Edit

FactsEdit

  • About 70% of Alabama’s electricity generation is from fossil fuels.[90]
  • Alabama has 13 sites on the National Priorities List.[91]
  • Approximately 1.6 percent of Alabama’s land is federally owned.[92]
  • In 2014, the Black and Asian or Pacific Islander populations had the highest air pollution exposure indices—of 80 and 76—compared to an overall index of 72 and a White index of 68. [93]
  • In 2012, Native American adults in Alabama were most likely to have asthma (12.2%), compared to 8.0% overall and 7.7% of the White population.[94]
  • EPA Region 4 (Southeast) serves Alabama.

PoliciesEdit

  • The environmental agency in Alabama is the Department of Environmental Management.[95]
  • Alabama does not have a Climate Action Plan.[96]
  • Alabama does not have Renewable and Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards.[97]

EPA GrantsEdit

In February 2017, EPA awarded a $1.09 million Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) grant to the Gees Bend Ferry in Wilcox County, AL. [98] This grant to the Alabama Department of Transportation would convert the ferry to battery-electric power and upgrade shore power connections. [99] DERA grants reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) pollution from old diesel engines. However, the administration’s proposed cuts to EPA would eliminate the DERA program. [100] The DERA program has previously enjoyed bipartisan support in Congress. In 2016, the GOP-controlled Congress reauthorized the program with annual funding of $100 million. [101]

In May 2016, EPA awarded two grants to Alabama cities to assess, clean up, and redevelop contaminated properties. [102] The City of Birmingham was awarded a $400,000 community-wide assessment grant. The City of Tarrant was awarded a $200,000 cleanup grant for the Tarrant Industrial Complex. Both grants were issued through the EPA’s Brownfield Program. [103] EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt has called the Brownfield Program “essential” [104], and it does not appear to be targeted by the administration’s proposed cuts to EPA.

Disability Rights
Disability Rights
Edit

The Facts

  • Alabama has the fourth-highest percentage of disabled people in America: 16.7% of Alabama's residents are disabled, compared with the national average of 12.6%.[2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table R1810]
  • Alabamans with disabilities have the fourth-lowest employment rate in the country, at 27.9%, compared to the national average of 34.9%. People without disabilities in Alabama have a 71% employment rate.[2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table R1811]
  • Approximately 19.1% of eligible voters in Alabama have one or more disabilities, compared to a national average of 15.71%.[105]
  • In 2013-14, the number of people with disabilities living the community in Alabama rose 2.5%, while the national average fell 0.5%.[Comparison of 2014 and 2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table R1810]
  • Of adults with disabilities in Alabama, 31.2% live in poverty, as opposed to 15.9% of non-disabled adults.[2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table B23024] The poverty rate for disabled children under 5 is 52.5%, as opposed to 31.0% for non-disabled children.[2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table B18130)
  • In Alabama, 6.7% of adults between 18 and 64 receive SSI (Supplemental Security Income), compared to the national average of 5.4%.[Calculation based on 2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table B19056]

Olmstead, Independent Living, and Community IntegrationEdit

Organizations
Organizations and Events
Edit

Find state/local chapters of national organizations People_and_Organizations#Organizations_with_State.2FLocal_Presences here.

Resistance OrganizationsEdit

Environmental and Environmental-Justice Advocacy and Organizing GroupsEdit

LGBTQ Equality AdvocacyEdit

State and Local Disability Rights OrganizationsEdit

Event CalendarsEdit

Local News Sources
Local News Sources
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Relevant City and County Information
Relevant City and County Information
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