Difference between revisions of "Nevada"

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*Corrections expenditures in 2014 were $286 million.[http://www.sentencingproject.org/the-facts/#detail?state1Option=Nevada&state2Option=0]
 
*Corrections expenditures in 2014 were $286 million.[http://www.sentencingproject.org/the-facts/#detail?state1Option=Nevada&state2Option=0]
  
== [[File:Taxthewealthy.png | left | 50px |Tax Cuts for the Wealthy | link= ]] Tax Cuts for the Wealthy ==
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==[[File:Benefits.png | left | 50px |Benefits / Tax Cuts | link=]] Benefits / Tax Cuts==
  
 
=== Income Tax ===
 
=== Income Tax ===
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== [[File:megaphone.png | left | 50px | Organizations | link= ]] Organizations ==
 
== [[File:megaphone.png | left | 50px | Organizations | link= ]] Organizations ==
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'''Find state/local chapters of national organizations [https://www.resistancemanual.org/People_and_Organizations#Organizations_with_State.2FLocal_Presences here].'''
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*[https://www.aclunv.org/ ACLU of Nevada]
 
*[https://www.aclunv.org/ ACLU of Nevada]
 
*[http://nevadaadvocates.org/ Nevada Advocates]
 
*[http://nevadaadvocates.org/ Nevada Advocates]

Revision as of 20:32, 18 March 2017


Updates
Updates

  • 2/13/2017: Assemblywoman Lisa Krasner (R-Reno) introduced Assembly Bill 164[1], which requires voters to produce identification at the polls.[2]
  • 2/13/2017: Mentally ill prisoners in Nevada were routinely sent to solitary confinement, sometimes for five years at a time, state lawmakers reported.[3]
  • 2/13/2017: On February 14, a Nevada state assembly committee heard an automatic voter registration bill after more than 125,000 Nevadans signed a petition. If lawmakers ultimately decide against implementing this policy, the measure will be included on the ballot in 2018.[4]

Actions Taken by the State Government
Actions Taken by the State Government

Legislative Actions

Legislation that Supports Equity and Justice
Important bills proposed by Nevada lawmakers this legislative session that should be supported:

  • AB 99 would allow children in the foster care system to identify as the gender of their choice, require training for foster care workers, and set up a placement system to find foster families compatible with LGBTQ+ youth.
    Billtracker.png



  • IP 1 would automatically register people to vote when they obtain or renew a driver’s license or identification card at a Department of Motor Vehicles.
    Billtracker.png



Harmful Legislation
Harmful bills proposed by Nevada lawmakers this legislative session that should be opposed:

  • AB 164 would require voters to produce state or federal identification when voting in person.

Billtrackerassembly.png



See also the main policy pages for federal legislative tracking.

Elected Officials
Elected Officials


  • Governor, Brian Sandoval (Republican): four-year term expires in 2018[5]
  • Lieutenant Governor, Mark Hutchison (Republican): four-year term expires in 2018[6]
  • Secretary of State, Barbara K. Cegavske (Republican): four-year term expires in 2018[7]
  • State Treasurer, Dan Schwartz (Republican): four-year term expires in 2018 [8]
  • State Controller, Ron Knecht (Republican): four-year term expires in 2018[9]
  • Attorney General, Adam Paul Laxalt (Republican): four-year terms expires in 2018[10]

Key Upcoming Elections
Key Upcoming Elections

Click here to find out if you're registered to vote. Register to vote here. The deadline is 21 days before Election Day in person or online, or 30 days by mail. Bring proof of identification the first time you vote. No document is currently required to vote, but voting ID legislation has been introduced.[11]

Federal Elections

  • Senator Dean Heller (R) will be up for reelection in 2018.[12]

2018 Competitive House Districts

  • Nevada District 3 is a competitive district with the potential to flip to red. Representative Jacky Rosen (D) won the 2016 election with 48.7% of the vote. Trump won the district in the 2016 presidential election with 47.5% of the vote.
  • Nevada District 4 is a competitive district with the potential to flip to red. Representative Ruben Kihuen (D) won the 2016 election with 50% of the vote. Clinton won the district in the 2016 presidential election with 49.5% of the vote.

State Elections

  • Governor's elections will be held in 2018, as the current Republican governor will be at term limit.[13]

Local Elections

Mayoral Elections

  • Henderson Mayoral elections will be held in 2017; primary elections are on April 4, general elections are on June 13.[14]
  • North Las Vegas Mayoral elections will be held in 2017; primary elections are on April 4, general elections are on June 13.[15]

School Board Elections

Prosecutor Elections

Sheriff Elections

County Commissioners Elections

City Council Elections

  • Henderson City Council elections will be held in 2017; primary elections are on April 4, general elections are on June 13.[16]
  • Las Vegas City Council elections will be held in 2017; primary elections are on April 4, general elections are on June 13.[17]
  • North Las Vegas City Council elections will be held in 2017; primary elections are on April 4, general elections are on June 13.[18]

Obamacare / link=
Obamacare / ACA

  • If there is a full repeal of the Affordable Care Act, 264,000 people in Nevada (or 9.1% of the population) are estimated to lose coverage, whereas 371,000 people (or 12.8% of the population) will lose coverage with a partial repeal. (Retrieved 1/28/2017 from ACA Repeal Impact, state-by-state.) This is because with a full repeal, premiums will not increase the way they would under a partial repeal, since insurance companies will be able to discriminate on the basis of preexisting conditions and won't be required to provide essential health benefits.[19] Not covering preexisting conditions will disproportionately affect people with disabilities.
  • The number of uninsured people in Nevada is predicted to be by 2021 408,000 under the ACA. Without the ACA, that number is expected to rise to 748,000, a 83.3% increase.[20]
  • Prior to the ACA's ban on gender-rating, women in Nevada could pay up to 45% more for the same coverage as men; an ACA repeal could bring back that coverage gap.[21]
  • Nevada is among the many states that lost the ability to place lifetime limits on coverage, because that practice is banned by the ACA; those limits are likely to be reinstated under a full repeal.[22]
  • Given that a repeal of the ACA would also change payment structures and subsidies, 22,000 jobs could be lost in Nevada in the event of repeal. When federal funding is cut, it creates a ripple effect that affects local and state revenue, thus creating losses in economic activity and employment.[23]
  • Republican Senator Dean Heller, who is up for reelection in 2018, voted to repeal the ACA with no replacement.[24]
  • Under the ACA Repeal-and-Delay strategy, young adults in Nevada could pay $598 More in 2018.[25]

Policing
Policing

The Facts

  • 69 people have been killed by police in the state of Nevada from 2013 through 2016.[26].
  • 13% of the people killed by police were black.
  • Reno Police Department has a homicide rate of 35.52 for all people, and 333.9 for black people. North Las Vegas Police Department has a homicide rate of 23.05 for all people, and 48.1 for black people. Henderson Police Department has a homicide rate of 19.40 for all people, and 0 for black people. Las Vegas Police Department has a homicide rate of 14.30 for all people, and 48.4 for black people.[27].

Immigration
Immigration

The Facts

  • There are 210,000 undocumented immigrants in Nevada, or 8% of Nevada's total population of 2,633,000.[28]
  • If all undocumented immigrants were given legal status, wages in Nevada would increase to $970,000 and 23,000 jobs would be created.[29]
  • In 2012, immigrants paid $12 billion in state and local taxes.[30]
  • Immigrants pay $3.2 billion in taxes to the state.[31]
  • Immigrants earn 18% less in wages than legal workers.[32]

Rights of Non-Citizens

  • Nevada allows undocumented immigrants to obtain a driver's license with a foreign passport or birth certificate or evidence of residence in the state.[33]
  • Nevada does not grant undocumented immigrants any in-state tuition benefits.[34]
  • In 2012 President Barack Obama signed an executive order (DACA) that defers deportation for children who were brought to the country as children. The action allows them to work lawfully but does not create a pathway to citizenship or give them legal status in the United States. [35] Nevada is one of the states with the highest number of people who have applied for DACA: by 2014, 10,564 people had applied for DACA and 9,243 were approved.[36]
  • Truckee Meadows Community College awards DACA grants to students who have obtained a I-797 and a Social Security Card. The Governor Guinn Millennium Scholarship and in-state tuition are other forms of nonfederal aid available to DACA Nevada students who complete high school.[37]
  • In 2015, Governor Brian Sandoval signed Bill AB27, allowing residents with temporary legal status to teach in Nevada.[38]

Deportation

The Facts

  • Nevada has 210,000 undocumented immigrants, making up 8% of the total population. In 2013, there was a total of 529,164 immigrants residing in Nevada.[39]
  • An estimated 128,000 undocumented immigrants were working in Nevada in 2012, providing $7.8 billion in tax revenue and $13.3 billion in productivity.[40]
  • If all undocumented immigrants were deported, total wages in Nevada would decrease by $7.8 billion and Nevada would lose $1.3 billion in employee compensation.[41]
  • If employers were able to fill 15% of the vacancies created by such a deportation, the state would still lose $1.2 billion.[42]

Policy

  • Nevada abides by the “Secure Communities” program, in which during an arrest the police must take fingerprints and run background checks.[43]
  • In 2015, Las Vegas police did not consider the city to be a sanctuary city, but did join other cities and counties in stopping cooperation with detainers, a process by which ICE asks law enforcement to provide information about inmates and to detain them for 48 hours.[44]
  • Between 2008 and 2011, 6,848 detainers were issued for prisoners in the Clark County Detention Center.[45]

Sanctuary Policies

  • Las Vegas is the one city in Nevada that has been described as a sanctuary city.[46] The term "sanctuary city" is used to describe places that limit how much they help federal law enforcement (usually ICE) with removals (also known as deportations).

Refugee Resettlement

  • It was estimated that between October 2016 and December 2016, 241 refugees arrived in Nevada.[47]

Voting Rights
Voting Rights

The Facts

  • Nevada adopted online voter registration in 2010.[48]
  • In October 2016, two Native American tribes in Nevada won an emergency court order in a federal lawsuit accusing the Republican secretary of state and two counties of discriminating against them under the Voting Rights Act.[49]
  • Nevada law allows private citizens to challenge the eligibility of other voters inside polling locations, and places the burden of proof on the person who is challenged.[50]
  • On February 14, 2017, Nevada Secretary of State Barbara Cegavske reported to the State Assembly Committee on Legislative Operations that there is no evidence of voter fraud in the 2016 election, but that there were cases of voter registration fraud. [51] Assembly Bill 45], currently before committee, would empower the Secretary of State to require training for those helping others to register to vote.[52]

Mass Incarceration
Mass Incarceration

The Facts

  • In 2014, Nevada had 19,225 incarcerated people, plus a probation population of 12,102 and parole population of 5,522.
  • 0 people are incarcerated in private prisons in Nevada.
  • 591 juveniles are in custody in Nevada.
  • Of the prison population, 2,719 people were serving life sentences, and 491 were serving life sentences without parole.
  • In Nevada, a black person is 4.1 times more likely to be incarcerated than a white person.
  • Corrections expenditures in 2014 were $286 million.[53]

Benefits / Tax Cuts
Benefits / Tax Cuts

Income Tax

The Facts

  • Nevada residents who face a tax increase under Trump’s plan:[54]
    • Households: 90,000
    • Adults and children: 269,000
    • Children: 160,000

Policy

Public Entitlements

The Facts

  • In 2015, an average of 209,787 households and 420,413 individuals received Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits (SNAP, formerly called Food Stamps) in a given month in Nevada.[55] In 2011, approximately 12% of the population of Nevada was receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits (SNAP, formerly called Food Stamps).[56] The average monthly benefit per Nevada household was $236 per household and $116 per person in 2016.[57]
  • In 2016, an average of 24,980 households, including 9,822 families and 18,908 children, received Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), which is direct financial assistance, in a given month.[58] The average monthly benefit for a single parent with three children residing in Nevada was $383 in 2014.[59] Average benefits in Nevada have fallen in value by 27.8% since 1996.[60]
  • In 2016, an average of 15,994 women received funds from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in a given month.[61]
  • In December 2015, there were 12,849 Social Security recipients in the "aged" category[62] who received $420.18 per person on average, for a total of $5,399,000.[63]

Housing/Infrastructure
Housing/Infrastructure

Housing

The Facts

  • 97,000 low-income families spent more than half of their income on housing.[64]
  • In 2014, Nevada had 17 units (less than the national level) of affordable and available housing for every 100 households categorized as “extremely low income” (at or below 30% of area median income.)[65]
  • In Nevada, there were 7,398 homeless people in 2016.[66]
  • Of the homeless population, there were 180 families, 851 veterans, 1,380 unaccompanied young adults (18-24), and 347 people experiencing chronic homelessness.[67]
  • Nevada received $201 million in federal rental assistance funding in 2014.[68]
  • In Nevada, more than 23,000 families relied on federal rental assistance in 2014.[69]
  • Nearly all Nevada households using federal rental assistance included children, elderly people or disabled people.[70]

Infrastructure

The Facts

  • Nevada's infrastructure received a score of C- from the American Society of Civil Engineers in 2015.[71]
  • This study gave the state “good” scores for wastewater and solid waste, and identified dams and schools as being in “poor” condition.[72]
  • In 2013, the Department of Transportation found that 13.7% of Nevada's bridges were structurally deficient or functionally obsolete, and 20% of Nevada's roads were in poor or mediocre condition.[73]
  • Driving on these roads leads to an additional $233 per motorist per year in increased vehicle repairs and operating costs.[74]

Women's Rights/Reproductive Justice
Women's Rights/Reproductive Justice

Planned Parenthood

The Facts[75]

  • Nevada has three Planned Parenthood centers.
  • In 2015, two centers were in rural, medically underserved, or health-provider shortage areas.
  • On average, there is one Planned Parenthood for 192,000 women of reproductive age.

Policy Solutions/Issues

Abortion

The Facts[76]

  • There were 13 abortion providers in Nevada in 2015.
  • In 2014, 6.3 out of every 1,000 women of reproductive age in Nevada had an abortion. The national abortion rate is 14.6.

Policy Solutions/Issues[77]

  • Abortion is prohibited after 24 weeks except in cases of life or health endangerment.
  • Medical abortion is limited.
  • State Medicaid does not fund most abortions.

Women and Wages

The Facts[78]

  • In Nevada, 14.3% of women live in poverty. 35.7% of single mothers live in poverty, as do 9.2% of women age 65 and older.
  • For every dollar made by men, women are paid $0.84, which is four cents above the national average of $0.80.
  • African American women are paid $0.65 for every dollar paid to white men, while Latina women make $0.52 for every dollar made by white men.

Domestic Violence

The Facts[79]

  • In 2014, domestic violence services in the State were contacted 65,026 times.
  • Nevada ranks consistently first for domestic violence fatalities in the US.

LGBTQ Issues / link=
LGBTQ+ Issues

Religious freedom law

Nevada does not have any state religious freedom laws. Religious freedom laws protect people's right to practice their religion and limit laws imposing on that right, and were intended to protect religious minorities. However, after same-sex marriage was legalized, conservative states have attempted to enact similar laws with provisions that allow discrimination against LGBTQ+ individuals.[80]

Nondiscrimination laws

Nevada has laws protecting LGBTQ+ people from discrimination in employment, housing, public accommodations, and education. The state lacks nondiscrimination laws protecting LGBTQ+ people from discrimination in adoption, jury selection, insurance and credit.[81]

Parenting laws

Nevada has de facto parent recognition, and has laws protecting LGBTQ+ people from discrimination in surrogacy and parental presumption, but lacks nondiscrimination laws protecting LGBTQ+ people from discrimination in foster care and second-parent adoption.[82]

Hate crime laws

Nevada includes LGBTQ+ people in hate crime protections, but does not require reporting of hate crimes.[83]

Youth laws

Nevada has laws for transgender inclusion in sports, but lacks other laws protecting youth, such as protection from conversion therapy, laws to address LGBTQ+ youth homelessness, LGBTQ+ inclusive sex education laws, and LGBTQ+ inclusive juvenile justice policies.[84]

Health and safety laws

Nevada bans insurance exclusions for trans health care, provides trans-inclusive health benefits for state employees and allows gender marker change on identification documents. The state lacks other nondiscrimination laws protecting the health and safety of its LGBTQ+ citizens, including nondiscrimination protections in the ACA exchanges and gender-neutral single-occupancy restrooms.[85] Nevada does have transgender exclusions in state Medicaid.[86]

Educational Justice
Educational Justice

The Facts

  • Nevada was ranked 44th in per-pupil spending as of 2013, with an average expenditure of $8,339 per student.[87]
  • As of 2013, Nevada ranked 19th in teacher pay, with teachers earning an average of $55,957 per year.[88]
  • 92% of students in Nevada attend public schools. As is the case in other states, students who attend private schools come from wealthier families, with private school families earning an average 77% higher income.[89]
  • As of 2014, public charter school enrollment accounted for 5.4% of total public school enrollment.[90]
  • Nevada's overall graduation rate is 70%, well below the national average. By subgroups, four-year graduation rates in Nevada are as follows:
    • White: 77%
    • Latino: 65%
    • Black: 54%
    • Asian/Pacific Islander: 83%
    • American Indian: 52%
    • Economically Disadvantaged: 64%
    • Limited English Proficient: 29%
    • Students with Disabilities: 28%[91]

Consumer Protections /Worker's Rights
Consumer Protections/Workers' Rights

The Facts

  • Nevada has a minimum wage of $8.25 without health benefits and $7.25 with health benefits.[92]
  • Nevada has no state law for paid sick leave.[93]
  • Nevada has no state law for paid family leave.[94]

Policies

  • Nevada has Right-to-Work laws, which means that the state can prohibit unions that collectively bargain on behalf of both members and nonmembers from requiring union fees for the services they provide to all workers they represent. Such laws are designed to reduce unions' income and power.[95]
  • Nevada is a state with an at-will exemption.[96] "At-will" means that an employer can terminate an employee at any time for any reason, except an illegal one, or for no reason, without breaking the law.[97] Likewise, an employee is free to leave a job at any time for any or no reason with no adverse legal consequences.[98]
  • Nevada also has a public policy exemption,[99] meaning that an employer may not fire an employee if it would violate the state's public policy doctrine or a state or federal statute, including refusing to perform an act that state law prohibits (e.g., refusing an employer's request to commit perjury at a trial), reporting a violation of the law (e.g., reporting an employer's fraudulent accounting practices or use of child labor), engaging in acts that are in the public interest (e.g., joining the National Guard or performing jury duty) and exercising a statutory right (e.g., filing a claim under the state workers' compensation law).[100]
  • Nevada does allow for implied contract exemptions.[101]. An implied contract can be created in several different ways: oral assurances by a supervisor; or handbooks, policies or practices as written assurances by the employer. This means that if there is no written contract between the employer and employee, that employee may have an exception of fixed term or even indefinite employment based on an employer's statements.[102] As a general rule, courts disregard language promising long-term, lifetime or permanent employment as aspirational and consider the relationship to be at-will.[103]
  • Nevada does support the Implied Covenant of Good Faith and Fair Dealing.[104] Courts have interpreted this in different ways, from requiring just cause for termination to prohibiting terminations made in bad faith or motivated by malice.[105]

Climate / Environment
Climate / Environment

The Facts

Policies

  • The environmental agency in Nevada is the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection.
  • In 2008, Nevada issued the "Climate Change Advisory Committee Final Report," though it did not contain any specific target reduction amounts for greenhouse gases. No climate action plan is currently available.[111]
  • Nevada has a renewable portfolio standard of 25% by 2025, at least 6% from solar.[112]

Disability Rights
Disability Rights

The Facts

  • 13.4% of Nevada's residents are disabled, compared with the national average of 12.6%. [2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table R1810]
  • The employment rate among disabled adults in Nevada is 41.1%, compared to the national average of 34.9%. People without disabilities in Nevada have a 74.8% employment rate. [2015 US Census American Community Survey, Tables R1811 & B18120]
  • Approximately 18.4% of eligible voters in Nevada have one or more disabilities, compared to a national average of 15.7%.[113]
  • Of adults with disabilities in Nevada, 24.5% live in poverty, as opposed to 12.5% of non-disabled adults. [2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table B23024] The poverty rate for disabled children under 5 is 30.1%, as opposed to 23.3% for non-disabled children.[2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table B18130]
  • In Nevada, 4.0% of adults between 18 and 64 receive SSI (Supplemental Security Income), compared to the national average of 5.4%. [2015 US Census American Community Survey, Table B19056]

Organizations
Organizations

Find state/local chapters of national organizations here.

Local News Sources
Local News Sources

Relevant City and County Information
Relevant City and County Information